Youth   SamuelUllman   Youth is not atime of life; it is a state of mind; it is not a matter of rosy cheeks, redlips and supple knees; it is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination,a vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep springs of life.     Youth means a tempera-mentalpredominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over thelove of ease. This often exists in a man of 60 more than a boy of 20. Nobodygrows old merely by a number of years. We grow old by deserting our ideals.   Years may wrinklethe skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul. Worry, fear,self-distrust bows the heart and turns the spring back to dust.     Whether 60 or16, there is in every human being’s heart the lure of wonder, the unfailingchildlike appetite of what’s next and the joy of the game of living. In thecenter of your heart and my heart there is a wireless station: so long as itreceives messages of beauty, hope, cheer, courage and power from men and fromthe Infinite, so long are you young.     When the aerialsare down, and your spirit is covered with snows of cynicism and the ice ofpessimism, then you are grown old, even at 20, but as long as your aerials areup, to catch waves of optimism, there is hope you may die young at 80.     Qing春   塞缪尔•厄尔曼   青春不是年华,Er是心境;青春不是桃面、丹唇、柔膝,而是Shen沉的意志,恢宏的想象,炙热的恋情;Qing春是生命的深泉在涌流。     青春Qi贯长虹,勇锐盖过怯弱,进取压倒苟安。Ru此锐气,二十后生而有之,六旬男子则Geng多见。年岁有加,并非垂老,理想丢弃,Fang堕暮年。   岁月悠悠,衰微只及肌肤;热忱Pao却,颓废必致灵魂。忧烦,惶恐,丧失自信,Ding使心灵扭曲,意气如灰。     无论年届花Jia,拟或二八芳龄,心中皆有生命之欢乐,奇迹之诱Huo,孩童般天真久盛不衰。人人心中皆有一台天线,Zhi要你从天上人间接受美好、希望、欢乐、勇气He力量的信号,你就青春永驻,风华常存。   Yi旦天线下降,锐气便被冰雪覆盖,玩世不恭、自暴Zi弃油然而生,即使年方二十,实已垂垂老矣;然则Zhi要树起天线,捕捉乐观信号,你就有望在八十Gao龄告别尘寰时仍觉年轻。          --------------------     The Goodness of Life   Though there is muchto be concerned about, there is far, far more for which to be thankful. Thoughlife’s goodness can at times be overshadowed, it is never outweighed.     For every singleact that is senselessly destructive, there are thousands more small, quiet actsof love, kindness and compassion. For every person who seeks to hurt, there aremany, many more who devote their lives to helping and to healing.     There is goodness to life that cannot be denied.     In the mostmagnificent vistas and in the smallest details, look closely, for that goodnessalways comes shining through.     There is no limitto the goodness of life. It grows more abundant with each new encounter. Themore you experience and appreciate the goodness of life, the more there is to belived.   Even when thecold winds blow and the world seems to be covered in foggy shadows, thegoodness of life lives on. Open your eyes, open your heart, and you will seethat goodness is everywhere.   Though thegoodness of life seems at times to suffer setbacks, it always endures. For inthe darkest moment it becomes vividly clear that life is a priceless treasure. Andso the goodness of life is made even stronger by the very things that wouldoppose it.     Time and timeagain when you feared it was gone forever you found that the goodness of life wasreally only a moment away. Around the next corner, inside every moment, thegoodness of life is there to surprise and delight you.     Take a moment tolet the goodness of life touch your spirit and calm your thoughts. Then, share yourgood fortune with another. For the goodness of life grows more and moremagnificent each time it is given away.     Though the problemsconstantly scream for attention and the conflicts appear to rage ever stronger,the goodness of life grows stronger still, quietly, peacefully, with morepurpose and meaning than ever before.     Sheng命的美好   尽管有很多事让人忧虑,但相Bi而言,值得感激的事要多得多。尽管生命的Mei好有时被蒙上阴影,但它却永远不会被埋Mei。     相对于每一个无谓的破坏行为而Yan,都有更多数以千计更为微小的,包含着爱,友善He同情的举动静静地上演着。相对于每一Ge试图伤害他人的人而言,都有更多的人致力于Bang助他人,治愈他人的创伤。     生命的美好不Neng否认。在最为壮观的前景和最为琐碎的细节Zhong,请仔细观察,因为美好的事物总是散发Zhuo耀眼的光芒闪亮登场。生命的美好没有Jie限。每一次相遇都会使这美好变得越发丰Fu。你经历得越多,越能欣赏生命的美好,Sheng命中的美好就会变得越多。即使当寒风袭来,整个Shi界似乎被雾气掩盖之时,生命的美好仍会存在。Zheng开双眼,打开心扉,你就会发现这美好无处不Zai。     尽管生命的美好有时似乎遭受挫Zhe,但它总会挺过来。因为,在最黑暗的Shi刻,有一点变得格外清楚,那就是,生命Shi无价的财富。因此,下正是与生命的美好相对立的Shi物使其越发强大。   无数次地,当你担Xin这美好已经远离之时,你会发现生命的美好其Shi只与你相隔须臾。它就在下一角落,存在于每个Shi刻之间,等着给你惊喜。     花些时间Rang生命的美好感动自己的灵魂,放松自己的思绪。然Hou,把你的幸运与他人分享。因为生命的美Hao会在每次给予之间变得越来越壮观。     Jin管总是有问题让你去关注,冲突也似乎Yu演愈烈,但生命的美好却总是静静地,平He地,带着比以往更强的意志和更多的价值变得Geng加强大。          --------------------     If I Rest, I Rust   The significant inscriptionfound on an old key---“If I rest, I rust”---would be an excellent motto forthose who are afflicted with the slightest bit of idleness. Even the mostindustrious person might adopt it with advantage to serve as a reminder that,if one allows his faculties to rest, like the iron in the unused key, they willsoon show signs of rust and, ultimately, cannot do the work required of them.     Those who would attainthe heights reached and kept by great men must keep their faculties polished byconstant use, so that they may unlock the doors of knowledge, the gate that guardthe entrances to the professions, to science, art, literature, agriculture---everydepartment of human endeavor.     Industry keeps brightthe key that opens the treasury of achievement. If Hugh Miller, after toiling allday in a quarry, had devoted his evenings to rest and recreation, he wouldnever have become a famous geologist. The celebrated mathematician, EdmundStone, would never have published a mathematical dictionary, never have found thekey to science of mathematics, if he had given his spare moments to idleness, hadthe little Scotch lad, Ferguson, allowed the busy brain to go to sleep while hetended sheep on the hillside instead of calculating the position of the starsby a string of beads, he would never have become a famous astronomer.     Labor vanquishesall---not inconstant, spasmodic, or ill-directed labor; but faithful,unremitting, daily effort toward a well-directed purpose. Just as truly aseternal vigilance is the price of liberty, so is eternal industry the price ofnoble and enduring success.     Ru果我休息,我就会生锈   在一把旧钥匙上发Xian了一则意义深远的铭文——如果我休息,我就Hui生锈。对于那些懒散而烦恼的人来说,这将是至理Ming言。甚至最为勤勉的人也以此作为警示:Ru果一个人有才能而不用,就像废弃钥匙上De铁一样,这些才能就会很快生锈,并最终无法Wan成安排给自己的工作。   有些人想取得伟人所Huo得并保持的成就,他们就必须不断运用自身才Neng,以便开启知识的大门,即那些通往人类努力探求De各个领域的大门,这些领域包括各种职业:科Xue,艺术,文学,农业等。     勤奋使开Qi成功宝库的钥匙保持光亮。如果休•米勒在采Shi场劳作一天后,晚上的时光用来休息消遣的话,他Jiu不会成为名垂青史的地质学家。著名数学家Ai德蒙•斯通如果闲暇时无所事事,就不Hui出版数学词典,也不会发现开启数学之门的Yue匙。如果苏格兰青年弗格森在山坡上放羊时,让他Na思维活跃的大脑处于休息状态,而不是借助一串珠Zi计算星星的位置,他就不会成为著名的天文学家。   Lao动征服一切。这里所指的劳动不是断断续Xu的,间歇性的或方向偏差的劳动,而是坚定的,不Xie的,方向正确的每日劳动。正如要想拥有自由就Yao时刻保持警惕一样,要想取得伟大、持久的成功,Jiu必须坚持不懈地努力。     


  1 Run through the rain   Yu中的记忆   She had been shopping with her Mom in Wal-Mart. She must have been 6 years old, this beautiful brown haired, freckle-faced image of innocence. It was pouring outside. The kind of rain that gushes over the top of rain gutters, so much in a hurry to hit the Earth, it has no time to flow down the spout.   Ta和妈妈刚在沃尔玛结束购物。这个天真的小女孩Ying该6岁大了,头发是美丽的棕色,脸上有雀斑。Wai面下着倾盆大雨。雨水溢满了檐槽,来不及排Zou,就迫不及待地涌涨上地面。   We all stood there under the awning and just inside the door of the Wal-Mart. We all waited, some patiently, others irritated, because nature messed up their hurried day. I am always mesmerized by rainfall. I get lost in the sound and sight of the heavens washing away the dirt and dust of the world. Memories of running, splashing so carefree as a child come pouring in as a welcome reprieve from the worries of my day.   Wo们都站在沃尔玛门口的遮篷下。大家都Zai等待,有人很耐心,有人很烦躁,因为老天Zai给他们本已忙碌的一天添乱。雨天总引起我的Zuo思。我出神地听着、看着老天冲刷洗涤这世界的污Gou和尘埃,孩时无忧无虑地在雨中奔跑玩水的记忆汹Yong而至,暂时缓解了我一天的焦虑。   Her voice was so sweet as it broke the hypnotic trance we were all caught in, “Mom, let's run through the rain." she said.   Xiao女孩甜美的声音打破了这令人昏昏欲睡的气氛,“Ma妈,我们在雨里跑吧。”她说。   What? Mom asked.   “Shi么?”母亲问。   Let's run through the rain! She repeated.   “Wo们在雨里跑吧,”她重复。   No, honey. We'll wait until it slows down a bit. Mom replied.   “Bu,亲爱的,我们等雨小一点再走。”母Qin回答说。   This young child waited about another minute and repeated: "Mom, let's run through the rain."   Guo了一会小女孩又说:“妈妈,我们跑出去吧。”   We'll get soaked if we do. Mom said.   “Zhe样的话我们会湿透的。”母亲说。   No, we won't, Mom. That's not what you said this morning, the young girl said as she tugged at her Mom's arm."   “Bu会的,妈妈。你今天早上不是这样说的。”Xiao女孩一边说一边拉着母亲的手。   This morning? When did I say we could run through the rain and not get wet?   “Jin天早上?我什么时候说过我们淋雨不会湿啊?”   Don't you remember? When you were talking to Daddy about his cancer, you said, If God can get us through this, he can get us through anything!   “Ni不记得了吗?你和爸爸谈他的癌症时,你不是说‘Ru果上帝让我们闯过这一关,那我们就没有什么过不Qu。’”   The entire crowd stopped dead silent. I swear you couldn't hear anything but the rain. We all stood silently. No one came or left in the next few minutes. Mom paused and thought for a moment about what she would say.   Ren群一片寂静。我发誓,除了雨声,你什么都听不到。Wo们都静静地站着。接下来的几分钟没有Yi个人走动。母亲停了一下,想着应该说些Shi么。   Now some would laugh it off and scold her for being silly. Some might even ignore what was said. But this was a moment of affirmation in a young child's life. Time when innocent trust can be nurtured so that it will bloom into faith. "Honey, you are absolutely right. Let's run through the rain. If get wet, well maybe we just needed washing." Mom said. Then off they ran.   You人也许会对此一笑了之,或者责备这孩子的Bu懂事,有人甚至不把她的话放在心上。但这Que是一个小孩子一生中需要被肯定的时候。若受到Gu舞,此时孩子单纯的信任就会发展成为坚定的信念。“Qin爱的,你说得对,我们跑过去吧。如果淋Shi了,那也许是因为我们的确需要冲洗一下Liao。”母亲说。然后她们就冲出去了。   We all stood watching, smiling and laughing as they darted past the cars and. They held their shopping bags over their heads just in case. They got soaked. But they were followed by a few who screamed and laughed like children all the way to their cars. And yes, I did. I ran. I got wet. I needed washing.Circumstances or people can take away your material possessions, they can take away your money, and they can take away your health. But no one can ever take away your precious memories. So, don't forget to make time and take the opportunities to make memories every day!   Wo们站在那里,笑着看她们飞快地跑过停着的汽车。Ta们把购物袋高举过头想挡挡雨,但还是Shi透了。好几个人像孩子般尖叫着,大笑着,也跟着Chong了出去,奔向自己的车子。当然,我也这样做了,Pao了出去,淋湿了。我也需要接受洗礼。环Jing或其他人可以夺去你的物质财富,抢走你的金钱,Dai走你的健康,但没有人可以带走你珍贵的回忆。Yin此,记得要抓紧时间,抓住机会每天都给自己留下Yi些回忆吧   To everything there is a season and a time to every purpose under heaven. I hope you still take the time to run through the rain.   Shi间万物皆有自己的季节,做任何事情也有Yi个恰当的时机。希望你有机会在雨中狂Ben一回。   2 A special letter   2 Yi封特殊的信   Dear World:   Qin爱的世界:   My son starts school today.   Wo的儿子今天就要开始上学读书了。   It's going to be strange and new to him for a while, and I wish you would sort of treat him gently.   Yi时之间,他会感觉陌生而又新鲜。我希望你Neng待他温柔一些。   You see, up to now, he's been king of the roost.   Ni明白,到现在为止,他一直是家中的小皇帝。   He's been boss of the backyard.   Yi直是后院的王者。   I have always been around to repair his wounds, and to make him calm.   Wo一直在他身旁,忙着为他治疗伤口,哄他开心。   But now--things are going to be different.   Dan是现在--一切都将不同了。   This morning, he's going to walk down the front steps, wave his hand and start on his great adventure that will probably include wars and tragedy and sorrow.   Jin天清晨,他就要走下前门的楼梯,冲我挥手,然Hou开始他的伟大的历险征程,其间或许有争斗、不幸Yi及伤痛。   To live his life in the world he has to live in will require faith and love and courage.   Ji然活在这个世上,他就需要信念、爱心和勇气。   So, World, I wish you would sort of take him by his young hand and teach him the things he will have to know.   Suo以,世界啊,我希望你能够时不时握住Ta稚嫩的小手,传授他所应当知晓的事情。   Teach him - but gently, if you can.   Jiao育他吧--而如果可能的话,温柔一些。   Teach him that for every scoundrel there is a hero; that for every crooked politician there is a dedicated leader; that for every enemy there is a friend.   Jiao他知道,每有恶人之地,必有豪杰所在;每You奸诈小人,必有献身义士;每见一敌人,必有一You在侧。   Teach him the wonders of books.   Jiao他感受书本的神奇魅力。   Give him quiet time to ponder the eternal mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun, and flowers on the green hill.   Gei他时间静思大自然中亘古绵传之奥秘:空中的Fei鸟,日光里的蜜蜂,青山上的簇簇繁花。   Teach him it is far more honorable to fail than to cheat.   Jiao他知道,失败远比欺骗更为光荣。   Teach him to have faith in his own ideas, even if everyone tells him they are wrong.   Jiao他坚定自我的信念,哪怕人人予以否认。   Teach him to sell his brawn and brains to the highest bidder, but never to put a price on his heart and soul.   Jiao他可以最高价付出自己的精力和智慧,但绝不Ke出卖良心和灵魂。   Teach him to close his ears to a howling mob...and to stand and fight if he thinks he's right.   Jiao他置暴徒的喧嚣于度外……并在自觉正Que之时挺身而战。   Teach him gently, World, but don't coddle him, because only the test of fire makes fine steel.   Wen柔地教导他吧,世界,但是不要放纵他,Yin为只有烈火的考验才能炼出真钢。   This is a big order, World, but see what you can do.   Zhe一要求甚高,世界,但是请尽你所能。   He's such a nice little fellow.   Ta是一个如此可爱的小家伙。   3 Promise   3 Yong恒的承诺   In 1989 an 8.2 earthquake almost flattened America, killing over 30,000 people in less than four minutes. In the midst of utter devastation and chaos, a father left his wife safely at home and rushed to the school where his son was supposed to be, only to discover that the building was as flat as a pancake.   1989Nian,一次8.2级的地震几乎铲平美国,在短短不到4Fen钟的时间里,夺去了3万多人的生命!在彻底的Po坏与混乱之中,有位父亲将他的妻子在家里安Dun好后,跑到他儿子就读的学校,而触目所见,却是Bei夷为平地的校园。   After the unforgettably initial shock, he remembered the promise he had made to his son: "No matter what, I’ll always be there for you!" And tears began to fill his eyes. As he looked at the pile of ruins that once was the school, it looked hopeless, but he kept remembering his commitment to his son.   Kan到这令人伤心的一幕,他想起了曾经对儿子Suo作的承诺:"不论发生什么事,我都会在你Shen边。"至此,父亲热泪满眶。目睹曾经的学Xiao成为了一堆瓦砾,真叫人绝望。但父亲的脑Zhong仍然牢记着他对儿子的诺言。   He began to direct his attention towards where he walked his son to class at school each morning. Remembering his son s classroom would be in the back right corner of the building; he rushed there and started digging through the ruins.   Ta开始努力回忆每天早上送儿子上学的必经之路,终Yu记起儿子的教室应该就在那幢建筑物后面,Wei于右边的角落里,他跑到那儿,开始在Sui石砾中挖掘,搜寻儿子的下落。   As he was digging, other helpless parents arrived, clutching their hearts, saying: "My son!" "My daughter!" Other well meaning parents tried to pull him off what was left of the school, saying: "It s too late! They’re all dead! You can’t help! Go home! Come on, face reality, there s nothing you can do!"   Dang这位父亲正在挖掘时,其他束手无策的Xue生家长赶到现场,揪心地叫着:"我的儿子呀!" "Wo的女儿呀!"一些好意的家长试图把这位父Qin劝离现场,告诉他"一切都太迟了!"他们全Si了!"这样做没用的","回去吧,这Yang做只会使事情更糟"。   To each parent he responded with one line: "Are you going to help me now?" And then he continued to dig for his son, stone by stone. The fire chief showed up and tried to pull him off the school s ruins saying, "Fires are breaking out, explosions are happening everywhere. You’re in danger. We’ll take care of it. Go home." To which this loving, caring American father asked, "Are you going to help me now?"   Mian对种种劝告,这位父亲的回答只有一句话:"Ni们愿意帮我吗?"然后继续进行挖掘工作,在Fei墟中寻找他的儿子。消防队长出现了,他也试Tu把这位父亲劝走,对他说:"火灾频现,四处Du在发生爆炸,你在这里太危险了,这边的事我们会Chu理,你回家吧!"对此,这位慈爱、关切的父亲仍Ran回答:"你们要帮我吗?"   The police came and said, "You’re angry, anxious and it s over. You’re endangering others. Go home. We’ll handle it!" To which he replied, "Are you going to help me now?" No one helped.Courageously he went on alone because he needed to know for himself: "Is my boy alive or is he dead?" He dug for eight hours...12 hours...24 hours...36 hours...then, in the 38th hour, he pulled back a large stone and heard his son s voice. He screamed his son s name, "ARMAND!" He heard back, "Dad!?! It s me, Dad! I told the other kids not to worry. I told them that if you were alive, you d save me and when you saved me, they d be saved. You promised, No matter what happens, I’ll always be there for you! You did it, Dad!" "What s going on in there? How is it?" the father asked.   Jing察赶到现场,对他说:"你现在又气又急,Gai结束了,你在危及他人,回家吧!我们会处理一切De。"这位父亲依旧回答:"你们愿意帮我吗?" Ran而,人们无动于衷。为了弄清楚儿子是死是活,这Wei父亲独自一人鼓起勇气,继续进行他的工作。他Wa掘了8小时,--12小时,24小时,36Xiao时--38小时后,父亲推开了一块巨Da的石头,听到了儿子的声音。父亲尖叫Zhuo:"阿曼德!"儿子的回音听到了:"爸Ba吗?是我,爸,我告诉其他的小朋友不要着急。Wo告诉他们如果你活着,你会来救我的。如果Wo获救了,他们也就获救了。你答应过我, Bu论发生什么,我永远都会在你的身边, Ni做到了,爸!""你那里的情况怎样?"Fu亲问。   There are 14 of us left out of 33, Dad. We’re scared, hungry, thirsty and thankful you re here. When the building collapsed, it made a triangle, and it saved us.   Wo们有33个,只有14个活着。爸,我Men好害怕,又渴又饿,谢天谢地,你在这Er。教室倒塌时,刚好形成一个三角形的洞,Jiu了我们。   Come out, boy!   Kuai出来吧!儿子!   No, Dad! Let the other kids out first, cause I know you ll get me! No matter what happens, I know you’ll always be there for me!   Bu,爸,让其他小朋友先出来吧!因为我知道你Hui接我的!不管发生什么事,我知道你永远都会来到Wo的身边!   4 A box full of kisses   4 Zhuang满吻的盒子   The story goes that some time ago, a man punished his 3-year-old daughter for wasting a roll of gold wrapping paper. Money was tight and he became infuriated when the child tried to decorate a box to put under the Christmas tree. Nevertheless, the little girl brought the gift to her father the next morning and said, "This is for you, Daddy.”   You这样一个故事,爸爸因为三岁的女儿浪费了Yi卷金色的包装纸而惩罚了她。家里很缺钱,当孩子Xiang要用包装纸装饰一个挂在圣诞树上的盒Zi时,爸爸生气了。然而,第二天早上小女孩把He子作为礼物送给了爸爸,“这是给你的,爸Ba。”   The man was embarrassed by his earlier overreaction, but his anger flared again when he found out the box was empty. He yelled at her, stating, "Don't you know, when you give someone a present, there is supposed to be something inside? The little girl looked up at him with tears in her eyes and cried, "Oh, Daddy, it's not empty at all. I blew kisses into the box. They're all for you, Daddy."   Nv儿的这个行为让爸爸感到尴尬。但是当Ta发现盒子是空的时候,他的怒火再一次Ran烧了。他对女儿喊道,“难道你不知道Gei别人礼物的时候,里面应该放有东西吗?”多Nv孩抬头看着父亲,眼里含着泪水,“爸Ba,盒子不是空的。我把吻放在了盒子里,都是Gei你的,爸爸。”   The father was crushed. He put his arms around his little girl, and he begged for her forgiveness. Only a short time later, an accident took the life of the child. It is also told that her father kept that gold box by his bed for many years and, whenever he was discouraged, he would take out an imaginary kiss and remember the love of the child who had put it there.   Ba爸感动极了,他搂住女儿,恳请她的原谅。之后不Jiu,一场事故夺走了小女孩的生命。据说,Fu亲便将那个小金盒子放在床头,一直陪伴着他的余Sheng。无论何时他感到气馁或者遇到难办的事情,他就Hui打开礼盒,取出一个假想的吻,记起漂亮女儿给予Liao自己特殊的爱。   In a very real sense, each one of us, as humans beings, have been given a gold container filled with unconditional love and kisses... from our children, family members, friends, and God. There is simply no other possession, anyone could hold, more precious than this.   Cong一个非常真实的意义上说,我们每个人都被赠与过Yi个无形的金色礼盒,那里面装满了来自子女,家人,Peng友及上帝无条件的爱与吻。人们所能拥有De最珍贵的礼物莫过于此了。   5 0n Christmas Eve   5 Sheng诞之夜   A friend of mine named Paul received an automobile from his brother as Christmas present. On Christmas eve, when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin was walking around the shining new car, admiring it.   Wo有个朋友,保罗,在圣诞节那天收到了一份来自Ta哥哥的礼物,一辆轿车。在圣诞前夜,当保罗Cong他的办公室走出来时,一个街头顽童正围着Ta的新车打转地看,非常羡慕。   Is this your car, Mister? he said.   “Zhe是您的汽车吗,先生?”他说。   Paul nodded, "My brother gave it to me for Christmas."   Bao罗点了点头,“我哥哥给我的圣诞礼物。   The boy was astounded, "You mean your brother gave it to you, and didn't cost you anything?"   Xiao男孩诧异了,“你是说你哥哥给你的,不用Hua你一分钱?”   Boy, I wish... he hesitated.   “Xiong弟,我希望...”他迟疑了。   Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the lad said jarred Paull all the way down his heels.   Bao罗当然清楚他希望什么,他希望他也有个那样的哥Ge。但这个小家伙说的话,使保罗大吃了一惊。   I wish, the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that."   “Wo希望,”小男孩继续说道,“我可以做一个那样的Ge哥。”   Paul looked at the boy in astonishment, then inpulsivly he added, "Would you like to take a ride in my car?"   Bao罗惊奇地看着小男孩,然后激动地说了句,“Ni想不想做我的车去兜兜风?”   Oh, yes. I'd love that.   “O,想!我喜欢!”   After a short ride, the boy turned his eyes aglow, said, "Mister, would you mind driving in front of my house?"   Pao了一小段路后,小男孩眼光水灵闪闪地说道,“Xian生,您可以把车开到我家门前吗?”   Paul smiled a little. He thought he knew what the lad wanted. He wanted to show his neighbours that he could ride home in a big automobile. But Paul was wrong again.   Bao罗微微一笑。他觉得他知道这个小家伙想Yao干什么,他想要向他的邻居炫耀他可以坐一辆大Qi车回家。但是,保罗又一次想错了。   Would you stop at those with two steps? the boy asked.   “Nin可以在那有两个台阶的房子前停下吗?” 小男孩Wen道。   He ran up stairs. Then in a little while, Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled brother. He set him down on the bottom step. Then a sort of squeezed up against him and pointed to the car.   Ta跑着上楼去了。然后一小会儿,保罗听到Ta回来的脚步声,但他没再用跑的了。保Luo看见他正搀扶着他的跛脚的弟弟,他扶着他坐Zai最底层的台阶上,然后拥抱着他,指着这部车。   There she is, buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and didn't cost him a cent. And some day, I'm gonna give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the pretty things in the chirstmas windows that I was trying to tell you about.   “Xiao弟,那就是我在楼上跟你说的那部车。他哥哥给Ta的圣诞礼物,不用花他一分钱。将来某Tian我也要给你一部像那样的车,那样你就可以Zi己去看我以前尽力想让你知道的那些窗边的圣诞饰Pin了。”   Paul got off and lifted the lad into the front of his car. The shinning eyed old brother crimbed in beside him. And three of them began a memorable holiday ride.   Bao罗下车把跛脚的小孩抱上了车的前座,他的眼睛水Ling灵的哥哥爬上了车,坐到了他旁边。然后他们三个Kai始一段令人难忘的旅程。   That Christmas eve, Paul learned what Jesus meant, when he said, "It is more blessed to give than to receive..."   Na个圣诞前夜,保罗收获了很多,他真正体会了耶Zuo所说的那句话,“施舍比接受更有福...”


  *   父亲和他的儿子  THE FATHER AND HIS SONS   Father had a family of sons who were perpetually quarrelling among themselves. When he failed to heal their disputes by his exhortations, he determined to give them a practical illustration of the evils of disunion; and for this purpose he one day told them to bring him a bundle of sticks. When they had done so, he placed the faggot into the hands of each of them in succession, and ordered them to break it in pieces. They each tried with all their strength, and were not able to do it.   He next unclosed the faggot, and took the sticks separately, one by one, and again put them into their hands, on which they broke them easily. He then addressed them in these words: “My sons, if you are of one mind, and unite to assist each other, you will be as this faggot, uninjured by all the attempts of your enemies; but if you are divided among yourselves, you will be broken as easily as these sticks.”   Yi位父亲有几个孩子,这些孩子时常发生口角。他Si毫没有办法来劝阻他们,只好让他们看看不合群Suo带来害处的例子。为了达到这https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司周年庆四字祝福语.html个目的,有一天他Jiao他们替他拿一捆细柴来。当他们把柴带来时,Ta便先后地将那捆柴放在每一个孩子的手中,吩咐他Men弄断这捆柴。他们一个个尽力去试,总是不能成Gong。   然后他解开那捆柴,一根根地放在Ta们手里,如此一来,他们便毫不费力地折断Liao。于是他就告诉他们说:“孩子们!如果你们Da家团结一致,互相帮助,你们就像这捆柴一Yang,不能被你们的敌人折断;但如果你们Zi行分裂,你们就将和这些散柴一般,不堪一折了。”


  风和太阳(The Wind And The Sun) \r\nOne day the wind said to the sun, \\“Look at that man walking along the road. I can get his cloak off more quickly than you can.” \r\n\\“We will see about that,” said the sun. \\“I will let yo。

英语美文,题目:My Holiday

  My Holiday   My holiday was good. I stayed at home for sometime. I went to Tianyi Square and bought same games. But one day, my monther, my younger brother and I went to Tianyi digital square to buy games. And I bought a new uniform in the evening. I'd like to have a glass of apple juice my monther bought it for me. I says, " Thanks a lot. " I bought some shoes. I want a pair of sports shoes. In the shop, the wonderful song added tour pleasure. I see the black shoes. my monther says, " There are beautiful !"   I was happy that day, because I went to Tianyi Square and had a lot of fum.   My Holiday   This holiday I went to the Hong Kong with my mother. On the first day, we went to the Ocean Park. We saw dolphin and played machine game. On the second day, we went to the Disney. We played machine game and saw perform. The perform was very wonderful. On the third day morning, we went shopping. We bought many food and gift. In the afternoon, we went to ZhaoQing. We was very happy and tired.

五篇美文佳作(500字左右) 4篇英语小作文,题目自拟

  初中寒假作文:美丽的雪 昨晚,下了一场E毛大雪。清晨,我朝楼下一看,地上铺满Liao白色的雪。连屋顶上,树叶上全都是,真美A!所以我一吃完早饭就跑下楼和一个小哥哥一起玩Xue,我们用雪做成了雪人、山峰和几个小动Wu等等,还打雪仗,真好玩!然后我们各自拿点雪,Hui家了。回家后,我就用雪做了一个城市的房子,我Xian把雪做成一个长方体,然后画上一条一Tiao的花纹,这个房子就做好了。可我抬头Yi看光芒四射,呀,太阳出来了,雪开始融Hua,这场雪虽然已经离开了我们,可它给我们带来的Huan乐是无穷无尽的。今天,夜晚我和爸爸、妈妈一Qi看见许多烟火,听到许多鞭炮声音,还放了一些Yan火和鞭炮。这要从爸爸到金盛百货大市场买Wan烟火和鞭炮说起:这时爸爸在看报纸,我Men才刚刚从梅花山到外公家。外公家已经准备吃晚饭Liao,吃完晚饭后,我和爸爸就下楼放鞭炮了,Zhe鞭炮太响了,小汽车都“叫了”。放完鞭炮后,我Kan见了许多美丽的烟火:有的像喷泉,有的像Liu星闪过,还有的烟火后会变成红的或绿的小降落San等等,真是五花八门。我们放的烟花名字叫“天命Zhi意”和“春雷炮”,一个39响,一个48Xiang。我最后想说:“你们燃放时要注意安全。”愉快De星期天,我把作业“消灭”后,“终于属于我的Xiao天地喽!”我不由自主地扑向快乐天地的怀Bao,我高声欢呼起来。初中寒假作文:灿烂烟Hua之夜今天是除夕夜,是个合家团圆的日子,整个Cheng市都笼罩在一片喜庆欢悦的气氛中。在饭店吃完年Ye饭后,上空不断传来烟花绽放的声音,惹得我Bu禁驻足仰望。当一颗不起眼的小火种在Ban空中崩裂,随即变幻成一把绿色的大伞在夜空Zhong飞旋。当这把“伞”还未完全消失殆尽,又有一朵Can烂的“金菊”蹿上天空,它宛如一位孤傲De仙子,全身被华丽璀璨的金色包围,在万人瞩Mu下“翩翩起舞”。绚丽的烟花在黑暗的夜Kong中竟相绽放,那流光溢彩四散开来的点Dian金光,把夜空装点得如此灿烂夺目。心中一Zhen震撼之后,又被烟花的潇洒所折服。它们Dai着坚强的微笑飞向天空,即使知道自己的生命短Zan,却依旧想用自己最美的那一瞬间展现给世人观赏。Yi朵朵烟花像一张张烂漫的笑颜,在绽放中倾诉自己De幸福、欢畅。烟花的美丽很短,还未散尽的烟雾Gao诉我们,它们曾在这里灿烂地笑过。烟花没了,夜Kong还是原来的夜空,那些美丽终究只是昙花一Xian……初中寒假作文:快乐寒假手中的书本变得越Lai越薄了,终于,我们迎来了盼望已久的寒假。放下Jian上的书包、手中的课本,将那XYZ和ABCPao到九霄云外。噢,这个假期https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司生日讲话台词.html属于我们自Ji。在寒假里,我们可以尽情地玩耍各种游戏,不Yong担心因为没有完成作业而被老师骂得狗血喷头;我Men可以尽情地享受电视大餐,不必担心因为第二Tian要早起而被父母催促着睡觉。寒假里,Wo们与大自然有了亲密的拥抱。寒假中的我们如Tong水中的鱼儿,在自由自在地嬉戏;寒假中De我们是天上的云儿,在无忧无虑地追逐;寒假中De我们是夜空中的繁星,在兴高采烈地捉迷藏;Han假中的我们更是快乐的天使,要将快乐传遍世界De每一个角落。寒假里,我们跟生活有了零距Li的接触。寒假中的我们当然不是只知道玩耍游戏,Wo们也懂得去体验生活。我们会尝试着自己Xi衣服,看手上那白白的肥皂泡沫是多么美妙,再用Li地搓一下自己的衣服,看着衣服上那一个个脏Zang的斑点被自己洗去,心中的喜悦恐怕比考了100Fen还高兴呢。同时也感受到了做母亲的辛劳,对Na“谁言寸草心,报得三春晖”的诗句也有了新的体Hui,而这种体会是无法从课本上、课堂中学到的。Kuai乐寒假里做一个快乐的自己。寒假收获Zuo文1寒假里,我最大的收获就是学会了Chao“盐水花生”。那天是星期六,工作了Yi周的妈妈一定很辛苦,好不容易有个双休日,Ying该让她好好歇歇。于是,我对妈妈说:“Jin天的菜我来做,就炒‘盐水花生’吧!”Ma妈说:“你就试试吧!”我把一勺盐放入一小Ban碗水里,用筷子搅拌均匀,让盐融化在水里。我把Diao好了的盐水放到一边。又把一碟花生米放Ru锅里,然后把锅放到液化气灶上,打开电Zi开关,顿时从小孔里窜出蓝莹莹的火,那火Miao在锅底周围不停地跳跃。我炒了一会儿,哎呀,不Hao了,有几粒花生冒烟了,眼看就要糊了。情Ji之中我想起了妈妈每次炒花生时,都点小火,我怎Me点这么大的火呀!我马上把火调小了。我又炒Liao几下,想:是不是该放盐了?我尝了一粒Hua生,感觉还不行。过了一会儿,我又尝了一粒,You觉得还不到时候。就这样,我一边炒,Yi边尝,尝得我都分不清是生的还是熟的Liao。唉,还是搬救兵吧。于是,我把妈妈叫来,,妈Ma笑着说:“你太心急了炒‘盐水花生’要有耐Xin,要等到花生变成红黄色,发出香味时再Fang盐水。”于是,我又开始炒起来,慢慢地发现Hua生渐渐变成了红黄色,我又尝了一粒,哇!真香A。我把盐水倒进锅里。“滋啦”一声,锅被一层Bai雾笼罩着。我又开始翻炒起来。过了一会儿,红Se的花生穿上了一件银白色的外套。我想:Hua生一定好了。我把花生盛到盘子里。这时,妈妈Guo来了,妈妈尝了一粒我炒的花生,说:“Di一次就炒这么好,不错,不错。”我也Chang了一粒,https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司七字激励对联.html那花生又脆,又香,又有些咸味,好吃极Liao。第一次炒“盐水花生”我成功了!寒假收获作文3Han假中,我为了锻炼身体,实施我的减肥计Hua,便想练一项运动。爸爸建议我去打篮球,Wo想:“打篮球不仅增强了体质,还能长Ge儿。”于是决定这个寒假让爷爷教我打篮球。Zhe天天气不错,我带着篮球牵着爷爷的手往Wei校的篮球场走去。在路上,我又兴奋又担心,兴Fen是因为我从没有打过篮球,这还是第一次,Yi定很刺激;担心的是我现在太小,个子和球篮Zhi间距离太大,能否投进去都是个问题。但是我又Xiang:“俗话说,有志不在年高,这岂不是Shuo‘锻炼不在个高’吗?”于是便向篮球场跑去。Lai到学校的操场里,因为是寒假期间,校园也像冬眠Liao一样,空无一人。开始练球了,爷爷先从最基本De运球、走步、投球讲起,又给我做示范;Zui后让我一个动作一个动作的练习。在练习中,我Wu心练习运球和走步,只是一心想投球。我托起球,Miao准球筐,第一球还没到球篮下就掉下来了,直Dao第六个球,才碰了一下篮板。我灰心了,生气地Ba球往地上一摔,球却着了魔法似的进了,从篮筐里Diao了下来的球在地上弹跳着,好像在说:“别灰Xin,万事开头难吗!”我立刻信心百倍,又开始练球Liao。现在,寒假已经过去了,但是我对篮Qiu的热爱一直没有改变,只是没有更多的时间去练习Ba了,但是只要天气不错,时间允许,我都会去Da篮球的。   寒假英语作文(1):   Chinese New Year   Chinese New Year is coming and my family is very busy. It's because Chinese New Year is very special and important. We must prepare many special things to get ready for this festival. First, will make a big New Year meal. Second, we will make “Good-luck wishes.” Third, we will set off firecrackers. New Year meal is delicious and we think that eating some will bring us good luck. A long time ago, Chinese people believed red color could bring our good luck too. And we set off firecrackers could frighten ghosts away.   Chinese New Year is very popular between students. Because we can have a long happy holiday.   Han假英语作文(2):   Where's my dream   It's to visit Tian'anmen Square in Beijing   in a sunny summer morning   Oh,what's Beijing   Is she a young lady   who is teaching the chldren to sing   before the building   What's the building   It's the Great Hall of the People   one of the most famous places in Beijing   I hope my dream will come true tomorrow morning   Let's go there,singing and dancing   Han假英语作文(3):   My Winter Holiday   We are going to have the winter holiday.During the holiday we will have the Spring Festival.So all of the families in China are having a busy time.All of the children in China like Spring Festival very much,because they can eat many delicious food and get many money.But children in China have to do the homework for Winter Holiday.So that the could remember what they have learn the year before.Each of the children likes Winter Holiday.   I think everybody did a lot of things in the Winter Holiday. But I didn’t. Let you to listen to my story of Winter Holiday.   I spend a lot of time on the homework.. Every day in my Winter Holiday, I always got up late. Then I listened to the tape, it was nine o’clock. Then I ate breakfast and then I did my homework during the daytime! I’m not very slow but the homework was too heavy!   Han假英语作文(4):I love English,it gives me a colorful dream.I hope I can travel around the world one day. With my good English, I can make friends with many people from different contries.I can see many places of great intrests.I dream that I can go to London,because it is the birth place of English. I know, Rome was not built in a day. I believe that after continuous hard study, one day I can speak English very well.

英语毕业论文题目:从XX理论看散文翻译——以XXX为例 的文献综述怎么写?

  翻译方向的英语毕业论文可以探讨某种理论Zai英语翻译中运用。(选题越具体越好)   但是要Zhu意几个问题:   1.该理论不能太老套、要能体Xian你的新意   2.举例最好从名家翻译Zhong选取、较为典型   3.你可以从该理论Ben身着手:先论述该理论的提出与发展现状;然后Zhong点探讨其于翻译的渊源;最后作一个总Jie。   (以上只是个人观点,仅供参考)


  怎样学好语文- -   "一把钥匙配一Ba锁",这是我对学习方法的理解。高中的课程Bi较多,不同的科目有不同的特点,学习方法决Bu可能千篇一律。最好是能跟随着老师的思路找出Zhe门学科的规律,获得入门的途径,再不断地Chong实完善,形成不同学科不同的学习方式。Zheng如我前面所说的,我们必须在学的过程中不断地Jin行归纳改进,摸索出一条最适合自己的方法。Yi下是我自己的一点学习体会。   有的人说考语Wen要凭运气,也有的人说要看感觉。运气好Huo者感觉对的话,就能取得较高的分数,Shen至有可能爆个冷门。刚开始我也抱着一种将信将疑De态度,每到考语文之前就要"酝酿"一番,希望能Zhao到所谓的"感觉"。后来,通过与几个同学的交Liu,加上自己也看了一些师兄师姐们介绍学Xi经验的书,我渐渐觉得,学语文,是需Yao一套科学的方法的。?   首先,要多看Yi些书,这是每个人都有的体会。通过看一Xie文学名著,或是报刊杂志,可以培养语Gan,还能学到不少文学常识,以及一些新鲜You趣的观点。现在的语文考试,阅读占了相当大的比Li。不仅有文言文阅读,还有科技文、现代Wen阅读。要想在课堂上把所有这些能力统统培养Qi来是根本不可能的事,只能靠课外的努力。?   Wo比较喜欢看像《读者》、《散文》之类De杂志。看《读者》,可以了解到许多独到的Guan点,看到一些内涵丰厚的文章,使自己也变De爱思考起来。尤其在写作时,我更是常常Shou到它的启发。现在作文的一个很重要的评分标准Jiu是是否有创新、有与众不同的见解。这样的见解,Wang往不是凭空就可以产生的。它取决于你的阅历、你De人生体会。对我们中的大多数人来说,生Huo就是简简单单的两点一线,很少有机会见Shi到更广阔的世界。因此读书看报就不失为一条捷Jing。而在时间金钱都有所限制的情况下,看《读者》Geng不愧为捷径中的捷径。更何况,它也是我Men放松自己的好伴侣。?   看《散文》,Shi通过语文老师的介绍。教我语文的陈武老师是一位Wen学功底很深的人。他的课真正花在课本上的Shi间并不多,他更愿意教我们一些从课本里引出Lai的知识。三年下来,我觉得自己的确学到了许多Dong西。尤其是文学修养方面提高不少。记得当初Ta向我们推荐《散文》时,没有说太多,Zhi有几个字我印象特深:"腹中有书气自华。"Yu是我开始学着欣赏《散文》。刚开始时,也You点云里雾里的感觉,后来,当我静下心来,细Xi地体会那流淌在字里行间的微妙的感觉,我仿佛一Xia子就被文字的美攫住了。原来文章还可以这样写!Yi段很普通的经https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司培训心得体会结尾.html历到了作家笔下,却完全可以获得诗Yi般的美感。我喜欢反反复复地读那些自己特Bie有感触的文字,直到把它们背下,然后不经意地用Dao自己的作文中,文笔果然有了提高。同时,Tong过揣摩作者的感受,不知不觉我就养成了一Zhong爱思考的习惯,这一点在做文字表述题的Shi候特别有用,下手更快,思考角度也更准确。?   Ci外,有空时多翻翻字典也是一种好办法。例如,做Pin音题时,就翻翻《新华字典》,把自己Yi前读得不准确的字记在一个小本子上,考前再Kan一看,印象就比较深。另外,平时听新闻时也可多Liu一个心眼,注意听听播音员的发音,碰到哪个字他Fa得和你不一样,就记下来,查查字典,看是Ta发得对还是你发得对,这样做印象特别深。做词Yu用法的题目时,就翻《现代汉语词典》Huo《成语词典》。不要局限在要查的那个词上,Zui好能把前后的词都看一下,既能通过比较加深印象,You能同时学到不少新词。这个工作最好能每天都做,Mei天记几个,积少成多。记得高三那年,Lao师让语文科代表每天在教室后面的黑板上抄些成语Huo容易出错的词语、容易读错的字等,下课后大家都Hui自觉地去看一看,一些细心的同学还会把它们都整Li在一个本子上。到高三下学期做模拟试卷时,Wo们班同学在这种题上出错的已经很少了。?   Zai写作方面,除了多看书看报外,还可适当记Dian日记周记之类,锻炼文笔,久而久之,就会Yue写越顺。一些喜欢听歌的同学常常会记些Xi欢的歌词,在写作时用一用,还真不愧为Yi种好办法,最起码在语言上就占了不少优势。当然,Ye可以背一些优美的句子,使它们转化成自己的东西,Chang记常用,写作水平自然会有所提高。总之,语Wen就像中药,越熬越有味。当有一天你发现,Zi己的"感觉"越来越准了时,你的努力就已经得Dao了回报。?   语文的功夫都在平时的积Lei上,除了个别"感觉"突然变得特别好的之外,平Shi是怎样的水平,高考就会考得怎样。与其抱Zhuo侥幸的心理等待着"奇迹"出现,还不Ru踏踏实实地把功夫练到家。考前语文基本上是没什Me好复习的,但也不是完全放弃,你可以在复习的Jian隙看看文学常识,翻翻杂志什么的,或者做一Liang份模拟试卷,保持对题型的熟悉程度也就足够了。Zui重要的还是信心问题,千万不要因为平时语Wen成绩不稳定就对自己失去信心,放下一Qie的包袱,你一定会在高考考场上有一个新De突破。   回答者:starXwind - Jing理 五级 1-10 19:20   提问者Dui于答案的评价:en您觉得最佳答案好不好? Mu前有 0 个https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公务员报名职位未审核是什么意思.html人评价     50% (0)   50% (0)   Xiang关问题   • 求期末考英语作文   • Nian上研究生后还要不要期末考英语   • Chu三期末考完了,两道英语题   • 再一个月Chu2就要期末考了,该怎么把英语成绩提上去啊?...   • 2007Nian重庆市初一上册英语期末考   其他回答 Gong 2 条   学英语多读多看。现在方便了,可以Duo看看原版英文电影,练习语感。   语文其实很Jian单,多看小说。当然,找一些文学性强的又不枯燥De。   语文:   随着“大语文”观念的渐行Jian盛和中高考语文阅读分析题目量的不断加大,如何Ti高学生解答阅读分析题的效益,已经成为广大中学Yu文教师亟待解决的一个实践课题。本人以为,如果Zai日常教学中注意从以下几方面加强对学生的训练,Ye许会有事半功倍的效果。   一、反复阅读选文   Ping时讲解课文之前要求学生要预习、阅读Ke文,其目的在于让学生熟悉课文、读通课文、读懂Ke文。要答阅读分析题,自然也不例外,读是Ji础。何况现在的选文大多是文质兼美的文Zhang,它们或注重思辨、启迪学生智慧,或Zhan示科技新貌、开拓学生视野,或寓理于情、引导学Sheng形成正确的审美观、人生观,有的还代表着新的Wen化观念等,这些材料对大多数同学而言是Mo生的,因此引导学生对材料进行浏览、细读、品读Shi必不可少的。   浏览,即引导学生学会快速阅Du包括标题和检测题在内的所有文字资料。通Guo浏览,大体知晓材料的内容和命题的方向,形成初Bu印象。   细读,即在浏览的基础上,让学Sheng带着检测题细细阅读选文,深入了解文章立意、Xie作思路、表达方式和表现手法等,做到重Dian明确、胸有全局。   品读,就是要求学生Dai着对材料的初步理解,首先重点品读检测题的题Gan,揣摩出题者的意图,在有所思考的基Chu上再读选文,同时对那些答题要求较高的题Mu做到有的放矢、重点关注。   二、抓Zhu文体特征   阅读是解答题目的前提,要答好Ti,如果仅是读懂选文,而没有一定的知识Ji累,不掌握一些基本技能,可能也会无从下手。Ge类文体的特征就是必须掌握的知识。因为许多Yue读材料一般都有较明显的文体特征,只有掌握各类Wen体的基础知识,答题才容易“上路子”。例Ru,记叙文常涉及的是记叙的六要素、记叙的线索、Xu述的方式、表达的方式等;说明文常考的是Shuo明方式、说明顺序、说明对象及特点、Shuo明方法等;议论文则侧重对议论文的三要素考查,Ru文章的论点、https://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司三周年贺词.html论据的类型、论证的方法等。这些Du涉及到相应文体的基本概念,有共性的内Rong。如果学生对选文的文体类型辨别无误,基Ben概念认识清晰,那么答题时就不会张冠李戴,这样Ji本分就不会丢失了。   三、准确把握Cai料   每篇选文都是有血有肉的。但是阅读过程Zhong,如不能很快地抓住主要内容或主题思想,Er被一些具体琐碎的材料遮住视线,答题就会Chi力不讨好。怎样很快地抓住文章的主干He灵魂呢?大体有以下三种方法:   1、Zhua题目。标题是文章的眼睛,读懂了它,文章大概意Si也就知晓了三分之一。有些文章题目交代了文Zhang的文体或写作的方向,抓住了题目,答题一般就不Zhi于产生太大的偏差。   2、抓住中心句。Zhong心句是文章内容的主要基石,常常是文章题目的阐Shi和延伸。抓住它,对文章内容的理解认识就Hui更准确更具体。   3、抓议论、抒Qing句。议论、抒情句往往起突出中心、深化主题De作用,是作者感情倾向最鲜明的体现之所在。Yin此,抓住这类句子,往往能明了文章的Li意,有助于理解文章的中心。   四、区别题型Zuo答   读懂文章、明辨文体及基本概念,Qi目的还在于运用,在于答题。学会区分不同题Xing,巧妙处理也很重要。   1、选择题。Tong常采用排除法。阅读分析题的内容涉及到的不仅Jin是内容,有时对课内知识也多有勾连考查。Yin此对课内掌握的知识如能或排除或选择,就无形中Jiang低了知识的选择难度。   2、延伸题。Ru根据有关内容默写名句等,对此要避难就易,Xie自己最有把握的答案。否则容易吃力不讨好。   3、Ji本概念题。要做到抓住语段的主要内容来Da题,不能捡芝麻,丢西瓜,更不能一页Zhang目,不见森林。   4、综合分析题。对于这类Ti,则要在整体认知的基础上扣住命题内Rong解答,不能断章取义,更不能答非所问。这类题Wang往是最能见学生语文能力高下的题,答题应努Li做到:简明扼要,言简意赅,一般不超过30Zi;句子要通顺,语言表达没有漏洞,符合逻辑推理;Yao围绕文章内容,突出重点,不能信马由Zuo,胡乱扯谈。   阅读能力的提高不是一朝Yi夕的事。它不仅要求教师讲清基本概念,多Zuo知识迁移训练;还要求学生树立正确的思想方法、Jia值观念,同时掌握答题技巧、不断拓宽知识Mian,提高综合素质和能力。   英语:   1、Mai一本语法书,最基本的语法还是要掌握;   2、Duo背一些名词。美国人很不明白为什么亚洲的学生Zhe么热衷于背动词,实际上不论是阅读还是写作,Huo者是与人交流,名词都是很重要的,否则Nihttps://zuciwang.com/zhuanti/公司领导康复后祝福语.html很可能连卫生纸都不知道怎么说;   3、背一Xie文章,推荐新东方的背诵。道理很简单,即便我Men以汉语为母语,我们在小学的时候还是要背很多文Zhang。不要怕难背,当你完整背完一篇文章的时候,Ni会很有成就感;当你背了很多文章的时候,你会发Jue,语法在英语学习中地位并不那么重要,你会开始Yong英语思维。与此同时,你的听力也得到了Jia强,单词也不知不觉记得更牢固了。并不要求你Yong远记得背过的文章,只要去背了,效果Jiu会出来.   相信我!

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